Plants are very numerous on Earth and we have not yet discovered them all! Among this vast world, some species hold impressive records. Here are some plant world records!
- The oldest trees
- The biggest flower
- Most impressive
- The fastest plant
- The toughest plant
The oldest trees
Knowing the exact age of a tree is quite complicated to calculate. However, we do know that some species set records for longevity. This is the case of baobabs , Japanese cedars and Bristlecone pines which can live up to 5000 years. It is important to note that the tallest trees are not necessarily the oldest.
The biggest flower
The Arum Titan has the largest flower in the world with its 3 meters high and 70 kg! This flower, which the plant can take 10 years to produce, only lives for 72 hours. The plant also holds the record for the most fragrant flower with its “scent of rotten meat”. This smell attracts insects and feeds the plant.
The redwood is up to 112 meters high, the average height of a skyscraper. Another species of sequoia has the record for the most voluminous trunk with 31 meters in circumference and 83 meters in height. This one is in California.
The smallest is the arctic willow with its 10 cm high.
The fastest plant
The fastest growing plant is a freshwater plant. This is the Victoria Amazonica whose small buds will give leaves 90 cm wide in just 6 days. Shaped like a pie dish, they can measure 3 meters in diameter when they reach adulthood.
The toughest plant
Finally, the most resistant plant is undoubtedly the lichen. It is indeed able to withstand temperatures ranging from -70°C to +70°C, from frost to extreme drought. Some lichens even survived Hiroshima, which allowed the tree to recover. We can also mention Silena Stenophylla whose seeds have been found in the permafrost (ground frozen all year round) in Siberia. They thus germinated after 31 millennia of dormancy.