The Peanut or Peanut (Arachis hypogaea), sometimes also called “Earth Pistachio”, or “Earth Pea” is an annual plant of the Fabaceae family (legumes). Its culture is very surprising because its yellow flowers, once fertilized, bury themselves in the ground in order to produce their fruits underground: the famous peanuts! Good news for lovers of the vegetable garden, its cultivation is perfectly possible in France, so discover our planting tips for easily growing peanuts in our latitudes and being able to taste your own peanuts during your aperitifs!

Sowing, planting and growing groundnuts!

The peanut is a plant that requires light, draining soil and heat. It is at the beginning of spring that it is advisable to sow groundnut seeds 2-3 cm deep in compost, in buckets kept inside or in a veranda heated to an ideal temperature of 20-25°C. Water at the time of sowing, then wait for the substrate to dry out a little between two waterings, the seeds are particularly sensitive to excess water. Germination will occur within 10 days. After the ice saints when the frost is no longer to be feared, you can transplant in the ground, in a sunny position, spacing the feet 50-60 cm in all directions. Be careful, peanuts do not always tolerate transplants very well. In order to limit the trauma of this operation, use biodegradable cups for example.

Harvesting peanuts from a plant grown here in Alsace – Photo: Lucas HEITZ / Alsagarden.

Harvesting and storing peanuts!

The peanut harvest takes place 3 to 5 months after planting, at the end of summer, generally around September or October in our regions, when the stems and leaves have completely dried. It is then time to tear off the feet at the end of which will be hung the famous peanuts. If the sun is out, let them dry for a few days in the sun, if not, shelter them then put them in the oven on a baking sheet at 160° for approximately 10 minutes. Then, all you have to do is shell them and eat them! In conclusion, an easy, fun and productive culture since a plant produces around 80 to 100 peanuts in good growing conditions.

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Amazing & Bizarre

Amazing & Bizarre is a gardening blog dedicated to curious gardeners and lovers of rare plants. Find all our natural gardening advice, our culture sheets, our original cooking recipes, our DIY tips and our creative ideas!

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