“Daffodils” or “Narcissus”? With their trumpets, these cheerful flowers announce the arrival of spring. However, we often use one or the other of these two terms, without really knowing which one is the right one! Concretely, what are the differences between these two plants of the Amaryllidaceae family? In this article, we explain everything about it so that you can shine better in society! 😉
Daffodils from Alsace and Lorraine are Narcissus!
If it is accepted by gardeners that botanically speaking narcissus and daffodil are of the same species, in popular language the yellow trumpet narcissus with the botanical name Narcissus pseudonarcissus has always been called “Daffodil” especially here in Alsace and in the Vosges where it grows naturally dense.
Indeed, “Vosges narcissus” are very abundant, especially on the western side of the Vosges. Some areas of Alsace, such as the ruins of Hollandsbourg since the 16th century, are renowned for the exceptional density of yellow narcissus. We meet the yellow narcissus as much in the meadows as the forests, in the thickets and the edges of the ways.
This Narcissus wrongly called “daffodil” gives rise each year to the “feast of the daffodil” in Gérardmer (88), a much-awaited folk celebration. This festival is considered the largest flower parade in eastern France.
The “True Daffodil” grows in Southern Europe!
The name “Daffodil” is actually the real vernacular name of Narcissus jonquilla, a species that grows in the Mediterranean region. Its name comes from Spanish and means “little rush”, because its leaves are very narrow and erect, similar to rush stems.
It grows naturally in southwestern Europe, especially in Portugal and Spain. All other species and varieties of the botanical genus Narcissus, with yellow, orange or white flowers, fragrant or not, are Narcissus and not daffodils!